The spiritual sense of the word yoga first arises in Epic Sanskrit, in the second half of the 1st millennium BCE, and is associated with the philosophical system presented in the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, with the chief aim of “uniting” the human spirit with the Divine. (Wikipedia)
Technical description: Yoga (/ˈjoʊɡə/; Sanskrit: योग; pronunciation) is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India. There is a broad variety of yoga schools, practices, and goals in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Among the most well-known types of yoga are Hatha yoga and Rāja yoga.
The origins of yoga have been speculated to date back to pre-Vedic Indian traditions; it is mentioned in the Rigveda but most likely developed around the sixth and fifth centuries BC in ancient India’s ascetic and śramaṇa movements. The chronology of earliest texts describing yoga-practices is unclear, varyingly credited to Upanishads. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali date from the first half of the 1st millennium CE but only gained prominence in the West in the 20th century. Hatha yoga texts emerged around the 11th century with origins in tantra. (Wikipedia)
Phenomenological description: A number of systems that is developed to generate a transformation in consciousness.
See further: https://marinusjanmarijs.com/methods-of-transformation/the-effectiveness-of-training-methods/
Relevance of the concept: Yoga, (Sanskrit: “Yoking” or “Union”) one of the six systems (darshans) of Indian philosophy. Its influence has been widespread among many other schools of Indian thought. Its basic text is the Yoga-sutras by Patanjali (c. 2nd century bce or 5th century ce). (Encyclopaedia Britannica)
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