Word definition: truthful: veracious. corresponding to facts; not illusory; real; actual; genuine.
Etymology: Word Origin & History1650s, from Latin veridicus, from verum “truth,” neuter of verus “true” (see very) + dic-, stem of dicere “to speak”
Relevance of the concept: Fundamental principle in science, logic and philosophy
Word definition: an experience in which a personage, thing, or event appears vividly or credibly to the mind, although not actually present, often under the influence of a divine or other agency.
Etymology: Word Origin & History: late 13c., “something seen in the imagination or in the supernatural,” from Anglo-French visioun, Old French vision (12c.), from Latin visionem (nominative visio) “act of seeing, sight, thing seen,” from past participle stem of videre “to see,” from PIE root *weid- “to know, to see” (cf. Sanskrit veda “I know;” Avestan vaeda “I know;” Greek oida, Doric woida “I know,” idein “to see;” Old Irish fis “vision,” find “white,” i.e. “clearly seen,” fiuss “knowledge;”
Technical description: The perception of a visual but not sensory perceived image.
Phenomenological description: A visually perceived image that seems to be located in space, at some distant of the observer. ( M.J.M.)
Synonyms: apparition, phantasm.
The concept in mythology: Chimera.
Citations: Joel 2:28 King James Version (KJV) 28 And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions.
Supporting evidence: Intercultural similar descriptions of phenomenological introspective perceptions.
Word definition: The doctrine that phenomena are only partly controlled by mechanical forces, and are in some measure self-determining.
Technical description: Biology. a doctrine that ascribes the functions of a living organism to a vital principle distinct from chemical and physical forces.
Synonyms: Prâna, chi.
Cross-cultural comparisons: Chinese Qigong.
Relevance of the concept: Vitalism, school of scientific thought—the germ of which dates from Aristotle—that attempts (in opposition to mechanism and organicism) to explain the nature of life as resulting from a vital force peculiar to living organisms and different from all other forces found outside living things.
The concept in mythology: Life force.
Word definition: Vyāṇa; this universal energy is considered responsible for bodily functions is one of the types of prana, collectively known as the vāyus.
Etymology: Vyāṇa; (circulation of energy), One of the earliest references to Vyāṇa; is from the 3,000-year-old Chandogya Upanishad, but many other Upanishads also use the concept, including the Katha, Mundaka and Prasna Upanishads.
Technical description: The energy of circulation that resides throughout the body. Within yogic thought, the vyana vayu is one of the five energy subdivisions of prana. The vyana vayu governs the nerves, veins, joints and muscle functions and is a connecting force of energy, supporting the function of the other four vayus.
Phenomenological description: Vyāṇa; is situated throughout the whole body, and is rose in colour. ( M.J.M.)
Relevance of the concept: Yogapedia explains Vyana:
In the Hindu tradition, the five elements – fire, earth, water, air (wind) and ether – are represented as vayus. The vyana vayu is connected with the element of water. It has no specific seat or location, but runs through all the nadis of the body.
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